Please note for some of these items, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. If you need help choosing the right gear, we can make sure you don't buy the wrong gear with a 15-minute consultation
Under $100 Audio Technica ATR2100 and a Foam Screen Samson Q2U Audio Technica ATR2005 Under $500 Electrovoice RE320 - Shock mount and Windscreen Rode Procaster PR40 kit or just the Heil PR40 microphone
Note the ATR2100, Q2u, and AT2005 all come with cables. XLR Male to Female Microphone Cable - 10 Feet (to plug a microphone into a mixer or interface) 3.5mm Male to 2 RCA Male Audio Y-Cable (6 FT) (used to plug a mixer into the line in of a computer) Dual 1/4 inch TS to Dual 1/4 inch TS Stereo Interconnect Cable, 6.6 feet (used to plug a mixer into a recorder) Pearstone Stereo Mini Male to Stereo Mini Male Cable (Black) - 6) (used to plug any of the under $100 microphones into a recorder)
Foam Ball-Type Mic Windscreen, Black Shock Mount With Metal Wind Screen Pop Filter Combo Works great with the under $100 microphones
Zoom H1N Super contact, great for using as a "back up recorder"
These can be used when you have more than one person in the room with you and you are using a recorder without a built-in headphone amplifier. Mackie HM-4 Headphone Amplifier and Connecting 1/4" to 1/4" Cable to plug a mixer into the headphone amplifier
Recording Interviews Over the Internet
Audacity (free for Mac and PC) Hindenburg Journalist Adobe Audition CC | 1 Year Subscription (Download)
For Media hosting, I use Libsyn.com (Get a free month using the Libsyn coupon code sopfree) and I also recommend blubrry.com (get a free month using coupon sopfree). My podcast about podcasting is hosted on Libsyn.com In case you're wondering, yes you should always use a media host.
For website hosting, if you want a great looking, headache free website that is SUPER EASY to setup, check out PodPage (check out the free class to learn Podpage). I also have Coolerwebsites.com which is my Godaddy reseller program (their service is amazing)
If you're using WordPress, my favorite themes are Second Line Themes (Second made for podcasters).
Pretty Link - For creating easy to remember link Easy AZON - This $47 plugin makes adding items from Amazon a breeze. Google XML Sitemaps - Helps make Google food. ManageWP - I love this tool to keep my websites updated and backed up
Sweetwater (aff) is my favorite place to buy gear. Why? They have a built-in 2-year warranty, free shipping, free tech support, prices as good (and sometimes better) than Amazon, and just insane customer service. Amazon - No customer service, but cheap pricing. BNH - Huge inventory.